Districts of Nepal

 

WidgetBucks - Trend Watch - WidgetBucks.com

Kathmandu District is a district located in Kathmandu Valley, Bagmati Zone, Nepal. It is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal, a landlocked country in South Asia. The district has Kathmandu City as its district headquarters. It covers an area of 395km² and has a population (2001) of 1,081,845. Kathmandu is the most densely populated district of Nepal.Kathmandu is capital of Nepal.

Most of the offices and industry of Nepal are in Kathmandu. Many students from all over Nepal come to Kathmandu to have higher Secondary Education (+2 Level). National School of Sciences, St. Xavier's College, Prime College, Buda Nil Kantha College are among the top higher secondary schools in Kathmandu. Nepal University (formerly called Tribhuvan University) is the only university in Kathmandu.

Kathmandu is the capital and the largest city of Nepal. The city is situated in Kathmandu Valley that also contains two other cities - Patan and Bhaktapur. Nepali is the lingua franca of the valley and is the most widely spoken language. Nepal Bhasa/Newari is the language spoken by native people, the Newars. English is understood by most of the educated population of the city. The city stands at an elevation of approximately 1400 m and is inhabited by about 700,000 people. Kathmandu is the most developed city in Nepal.

Kathmandu is situated in the heart of the Himalaya mountains, and has a rich history. Considered by some to be among the most beautiful cities in the world, the earliest known inscription in the Kathmandu Valley is dated 185 AD. The oldest firmly dated building in the earthquake-prone valley is almost 1,992 years old. Four stupas around the city of Patan said to have been erected by Charumati, attest to the ancient history present within the valley. The Kirats are the first documented rulers of Kathmandu Valley, the remains of their palace are in Patan near kendra Hiranyavarna Mahavihara (called "Patukodon"). The Licchavi Dynasty whose earliest inscriptions date back to 464 AD were the next rulers of the valley. The Malla Dynasty consisted of Newar rulers, who ruled Kathmandu Valley and the surrounding area from the 12th century till the 17th century when the Shah Dynasty founder Prithvi Narayan Shah conquered the valley as he created present-day Nepal. Most of ancient Nepali Architecture present in Nepal today is from the Malla/Newar era.

The city of Kathmandu is named after a structure in Durbar Square called Kaasthamandap. In Sanskrit, Kaasth (काष्ठ) is "wood" and Mandap (मंडप/मण्डप) is "covered shelter." This unique temple, also known as Maru Sattal, was built in 1596 A.D. by King Laxmi Narsingh Malla. The entire structure contains no iron nails or supports and is made entirely from wood. Legend has it that the timber used for this two story pagoda was obtained from a single tree.

Kathmandu is also sometimes called "Kantipur". Kanti is an alternate name of the Goddess Laxmi, and Pur means the place where such a goddess resides; thus, the name Kantipur demonstrates the ancient belief that it is the place where Laxmi dwells. Newars, the native people of the Kathmandu valley use the original term from Nepal Bhasa, Yne.

WWW.visit-nepal.com
www.hotelsinpokhara.com
www.nepalphotogallery.com

 

Back to district Home
İMahendra
Sponsor :- New Pokhara Lodge, lakeside pokhara
Contact for comment,suggestion and advertisement